Mauritius, an island nation off the coast of Africa, is a favorite honeymoon destination. Mauritius is a multicultural country with people of Indian, African, French and Chinese descent. It is known for its beaches, flora and fauna and scenic landscapes. The tropical atmosphere of the island attracted Europeans, making its history remarkable. Between the 16th and 20th centuries, the country was ruled by the Dutch, the French and the British. Mauritius has a number of must-see historical sites that can help you better understand the culture of the island.
1. Arsenal Bay Or Arsenal Bay
Arsenal Bay, located in the northwest region of the country, may include the ruins of a French arsenal. A French foundry produced cannons and other military supplies in the village of Arsenal, one of Mauritius’ lesser-known historical landmarks. However, it was destroyed in 1774 by an explosion that killed around 300 slaves. You can walk around the Maritim Hotel grounds and explore the ruins if you are staying there.
2. House of Saint-Aubin
One of the most historically significant places in Mauritius is the St. Aubin Plantation, which is over 200 years old. The facility was moved in the 1970s and the estate no longer sells sugar. The lawns of the huge estate, meanwhile, now house a rum distillery. A vanilla house, a spice garden and a tropical garden are all available. A guide will accompany you on your tour of the house and its various aspects, including the famous sugar factory. The five-course Mauritian meal, which includes palm, mango and pineapple, also contributes to the atmosphere.
3. The Tea Route (Bois Chéri)
Bois Cheri, a well-known tea estate, is one of the three most significant places on La Route du Thé. These tea plantations cover about 250 hectares and are about 12 kilometers from the famous Rivière des Anguilles. The plantation can be visited to learn more about its history and operation, making it one of the must-see historical attractions in Mauritius.
4. Beau Plan Sugar Factory
Each ranking of the most beautiful historic sites in Mauritius includes the Beau Plan, a former sugar mill which is now a museum. In this exhibition, the story of sugar mixes with the history of the island, the rum trade and the practice of slavery.
The visit will last two to three hours. The factory opened in 1797 and closed shortly before the turn of the century in 1999. The museum also offers videos and interactive sessions where visitors can learn about the history of the place. Oh, and everyone can taste about 15 different types of sugar at the end of the tour, all of which were invented in Mauritius.
5. Eureka House
This building, which was once built as a grand mansion in the early 1800s, is now a museum that gives tourists a glimpse into the country’s colonial past. With 109 doors and a large number of rooms, the house has tropical features that keep it cool even in the hottest summers. There are servants’ quarters and kitchens on the property, as well as artifacts, furniture, and maps from the French East India Company. It is undoubtedly the only historical structure in Mauritius that you must see!
6. Martello Tower
The British built the five towers in the 1800s to protect their colony from the French, who were supposedly trying to incite slave revolts. The La Preneuse tower has been transformed into a museum where professionals explain the incredible architecture of the buildings. These towers are supposed to be three meters high and armed with copper cannons with a range of two kilometers.
7. Matthew Flinders Monument
Built about fifteen years ago in 2003, it is one of the rare historical monuments of Mauritius. Matthew Flinders, English cartographer and explorer, was the first to recognize Australia as a continent, and the place is dedicated to him. It commemorates his arrival in the country two centuries ago. When he first arrived on the island, he was imprisoned for six years because England and France were at odds.
8. Le Morne
The site is certainly one of the best-known historical sites in Mauritius and is another UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is just a mountain on the southwest side of the island that was once home to many slaves who ventured to abandon their masters. The slaves who escaped developed their own villages due to the difficult and impassable terrain and resided in the caves. The place serves as a strong reminder of their struggle for liberation and the indomitable spirit of the human soul.
9. Fort Citadel
The British built this military building, also known as Fort Adelaide, in the 19th century. You can enjoy a bird’s eye view of the capital, Port Louis, as well as the harbor from the top. The military barracks have been transformed into shops where visitors can buy gifts.
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